"A striking example is the number of patents registered in the United States between 1980 and 2000: from Saudi Arabia, there were 171; from Egypt, 77; from Kuwait, 52; from the United Arab Emirates, 32; from Syria, 20; and from Jordan, 15 - compared with 16,328 from South Korea and 7,652 from Israel. [...] The Arab countries also have the highest illiteracy rates and one of the lowest numbers of active research scientists with frequently cited articles."
Anti Boycott Israel blog
Source: article par Bernard Lewis "Free at Last? The Arab World in the Twenty-first Century", publié dans Foreign Affairs, mars/avril 2009 (p. 82)